Phonics Instruction Phase Five:
GPC Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence

CCSS ELA Literacy K-2, Foolproof Phonics App, ELA K-2, ELA Kindergarten, ELA 1st Grade, ELA 2nd Grade



illustrated characters carrying a fridge

In Phase Five (typically in First Grade or Year 1), children learn the range of different graphemes (spellings) used to represent key phonemes (sounds) – e.g. long vowel spellings and alternative graphemes for some consonant sounds. They also learn trigraphs like tch. Spelling also becomes integrated into instruction where children learn rules for various spelling patterns, such as the magic e, the e at the end of a word that makes the sound of the previous vowel longer, as in cake, kite, bone . Most children master these in reading first, and it can take longer to apply them correctly in spelling.

Children should become quicker at blending and start to do it silently and automatically. They will start to choose the correct graphemes when they spell, and will learn more complex sight words, including people, water, and friend.

Phase Five generally takes children the whole of First Grade or Year 1. By the end of the school year, children should be able to:
- Say the sound for all graphemes
- Write the common graphemes for any given sound (e.g. e, ee, ie, ea)
- Use their phonics knowledge to read and spell unfamiliar words of up to three syllables
- Read and spell 100 high frequency words

In the UK, by the end of Year One all children are given a Phonics Screening Check to ensure they have mastered the appropriate knowledge. It should be noted that some children will not master all of these skills and may need an additional year of practice in order to fully master the complete phonics sequence. In the US, phonics is assessed by most districts, but the screening varies by state.

sample pack

Foolproof Phonics Part 1

google classroom, seesaw, and more

We’re making it easy to find, integrate, and share character-rich, curriculum-aligned resources for Kindergarten to Grade 2. It’s time to streamline virtual learning and make it fun.

Here’s our quick-start guide to using Mrs Wordsmith’s resources with Google Classroom, Seesaw, Zoom, and Microsoft Teams.

Bitmoji Classroom of Dreams

Foolproof Reading Bitmoji Classroom

Deep Dive

Phonics is the method that helps children build systematic connections between letters and sounds. Phonics has a better impact on children’s reading ability than any other type of reading program. It has also been shown to improve spelling, particularly among kindergarteners and first graders.

To find out more, read our Deep Dive into Phonics report. This report provides an easy-to-understand overview of phonics and phonemic awareness - why they are important and how they are taught in the classroom - and explains all the relevant terminology. It's perfect for sharing with colleagues, friends, and to Google Classroom!


Get our new “Reading Comprehension Vocabulary” Printable worksheet now

Buy Now

Download our Parent & Educator Guide

Free Download
Hey! We think you might be in the United Kingdom
Would you like to change your location?
Take me away!
I'll stay here, please

We’re happy you’re here! Join our mailing list for 10% off your next purchase.